Below is some tyre jargon you might have overheard somewhere but you did not know what it means.

  • High Performance Tyres

High Performance tyres are tyres made to achieve a better transfer of energy from the vehicle to the road. This gives them a better acceleration and top speed than would be achieved with general market tyres. This increased performance can be significant but it comes at the cost of nearly everything else, high-performance tyres are made from soft rubber compounds so that they get lower tread wear ratings and a shorter lifespan.

  • All Season Tyres

All season is a manufacturer determination that their tyres are capable for performing in year round weather. This normally means that sacrifices have been made to allow them to perform at below freezing conditions. The idea is to design a tyre in which these sacrifices are small enough that the benefit of not having to change tyres for winter outweighs the cost. Technology has improved to the point that many current all season tyres perform at the level a high performance tyre would have in the past. Though in comparison to contemporary tyres, the technology for other types of tyres has also improved and so all season tyres are still a convenience measure.

Often these tyres are aimed at a target market that is more interested in utility over performance and therefore they are also designed for quiet comfortable ride.

An early tyre that was marketed as an all season tyre was the Goodyear Tiempo and it is from that marketing campaign that the concept of all season tyres would grow. With the slogan "Snow tyre, rain tyre, sun tyre; one tyre does it all!", it was a very successful tyre and other companies would look to develop their own products in this range.

  • Tyre Studs

Tire Studs are generally metal screw in points and are used to improve the grip in winter conditions. These studs help tires dig into ice and can yield improved traction. When there is no ice on the road however they can do a lot of damage to road surfaces and for this reason there are often regulations on their use and in some cases complete bans. Tire studs are usually installed into tires with stud points using a pneumatic tool that screws the studs deep into the rubber of the tire surface.

  • Aircraft Tyres

Aircraft Tires are tires designed for extremely high loads and very high tire pressures. A psi of 200 is quite standard in aircraft tires with some going beyond 300+. This air pressure is necessary to deal with the impact and stresses of landing an aircraft. Some places regulate that such a tire must be able to sustain pressures 4 times their listed rating for up to 3 seconds. This sort of pressure is so massive that in some cases over inflation of aircraft tires is more likely to damage the wheel assembly than blow out the tire, though over inflation in use could lead to other catastrophic results. Aircraft tires tend to skid when they first hit the ground and this reality is part of aircraft tire design. Many aircraft tires are filled with nitrogen as the high temperatures they can reach, can cause the internal oxygen to react with the rubber.As with tires in general there are bias ply and radial tires that compete in the market place. Unlike with cars the bias ply is the most common type of tire in many aircraft classes. In light aircraft bias ply is by far the most common choice as they are available at a lower cost and are easier to retread. The improvements of radial tires in cornering that made them more popular in other vehicles are generally of a low concern in aircraft.Nearly all aircraft tires are created by just 4 manufacturers. These are: There are recent moves by Triangle Tire to begin manufacture of aircraft tires. This could potentially be a major change to the current state of the aircraft tire industry as Triangle Tires are a major world manufacturer of tires and their introduction to this market could be major competition for the existing firms in this field.Aircraft tires are subject to a substantial amount of regulations in many countries.